Islam, along with Christianity and Judaism is considered to be one of the three Abrahamic traditions. Abraham had two sons - Isaac and Ishmael. Prophets Moses and Jesus were from the lineage of Isaac. Prophet Muhammad was from the lineage of Ishmael.
To Muslims, Islam is not a new religion, but the way of life taught by all the prophets of God - Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad (peace be upon them).
The Quran mentions the names of twenty-five prophets of God, and commands Muslims to accept and respect all of them. It further describes them and their followers (in their respective eras) as Muslims.
On accepting and living Islam one therefore accepts all the prophets of the past, recognizing that God's religion is one and historically connected. All prophets got their guidance from the same God, and each invited to the same way of life - ISLAM.
When Muslim parents teach their children the stories from the lives of the prophets, they not only teach about the life of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), who Muslims believe was the last prophet from God, but also about:
(a) The miraculous birth of Jesus (peace be upon him), as well as the fact he was able to perform miracles by God's permission.
(b) The story of Moses (peace be upon him) and the Children of Israel. Moses’s upbringing and his eventual confrontation of Pharaoh’s oppression.
(c) Abraham's (peace be upon him) search for God. His destruction of the idols of his people and God's cooling of the fire when his people tried to burn him for his act of rebellion.
(d) The lives of Noah, Joseph, Solomon, Jonah, and other prophets (peace be upon them).
All these and other prophets' stories are in the Quran, God's final revelation to mankind. The Quran teaches:
“Say, we believe in God, and that which was revealed unto us, and that which was revealed unto Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob, and the Tribes, and in (the books) given to Moses and Jesus, and the Prophets from their Lord; We make no distinction between one and another among them, and to God do we bow our will (in Islam).” (Quran 3:84)
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